If you dream of your partner committing adultery explore your own feelings of vulnerability and insecurity. In dreams we project onto other characters our own issues so if this dream theme occurs ask yourself “where am I betraying myself and ignoring my own needs?”... The Premier in Dream Dictionary
If a woman sees herselfbowing before God Almighty in prayers in a dream, it means repentance and exalting her name by protecting her chastity. (Also see Prayers)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
If one sees a woman calling to prayers, standing on the top of a minaret in a dream, it means innovation and trials.
If children give the call to prayers in a dream, it means that people filled with ignorance will rule the land. This is particularly true when the call is made outside the proper time.
If a suitable person sees himself adequately calling to prayers in a dream, it means that he will be appointed to govern a land which is as vast as his voice can reach in the dream.
If one does not fit the conditions of ruling, then it means that his enemies will increase in number. Ifhe is a merchant, it means that his business will grow. Hearing the call to prayers in a dream also may represent invocations, supplications and good prayers. Ifone sees himselfcalling to prayers from inside a well in a dream, it means that he will call people from another land to walk the path of God Almighty, to follow the jurisprudence He made obligatory upon humanity, and to adopt the divine laws as their way of life and religion.
If calling from inside a well is done from within a Muslim country in the dream, it means that he is a spy or an innovator who is introducing changes to God’s laws.
If one sees himselfcalling to prayers from the top of the Scared House ofKa’aba in a dream, it means that he is an innovator.
If he calls to prayers while laying down in his bed in a dream, it means that his wife is backbiting and slandering the neighbors.
If he makes the call at the door of a king in a dream, it means that he will testify to the truth in a court of justice.
If one’s call is made while travelling in a caravan or in a marketplace in a dream, it means that he will expose a band of thieves.
If he makes the call to prayers from inside a ruin in a dream, it means that such a place will be rebuilt and people will live in it.
If one sees himself calling to prayer from inside a bathhouse or while under the shower in a dream, it means that he will suffer from a fever.
If he sees himself calling and no one is answering his call in a dream, it means that he belongs to the company of unjust people.
If he calls with a beautiful voice and the people hearken to his call in the dream, it means that he is seeking the approval of people in authority.
If he sees himself calling to prayer while being naked, it represents his recklessness and contempt about his own religion. Calling to prayer standing on a pile of trash in a dream means calling a stupid person to makepeace but to no avail. Hearing the call to prayers given inside a marketplace means the death of one of the merchants.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
If one leads the prayers in his dream, it means that he will guarantee something to someone, or it could means that he will borrow money for a term. Ifone prays behind an Imam in the dream, it means that he will become a burden to others.
The midday prayers known in Arabic as Zuhur signify a manifestation, a proclamation or exposing what is hidden. Praying Zuhur in a dream means attaining one’s goal, satisfying every need, obtaining everything one has asked for from earthly gains in this world, or it could mean spiritual benefits in the hereafter and particularly if one sees himself completing his prayers in the dream. Completing one’s prayers means achieving one’s goal.
If one is incarcerated because of a debt and sees himself completing his Z,uhur prayers in a dream, it means that someone will pay his debt for him and gets him released from prison and he will then prosper.
If one sees himself performing his Z,uhur prayers in a clear day and feels happy about it in his dream, it means that he will engage in some work that will make him famous and that he will enjoy the fruits of his work as much as he did in that clear and beautiful day in his dream. Ifone performs his midday Zuhur prayers in a cloudy day in a dream, it means that his work will be distressful. As for the mid-afternoon prayers, known in Arabic as ‘Agr, performingit in a dream means taking a vow or making a promise. This prayer in a dream also represents one’s liability.
If one sees himself performing the ‘A§.r prayers in a dream, it means that what he is asking for will materialize, though after some hardships and adversities.
If one does not complete his ‘A§r prayers in a dream, it means that what he is asking for may not take place.
If one sees himself performing the sunset prayers, known in Arabic as Maghrib in a dream, it means that what he is seeking has reachd its term.
If one completes his Maghrib prayers in the dream, it means that he will get what his heart desires. As for the night prayer, known in Arabic as ‘Isha.
If one sees himself performing his ‘Isha prayers in a dream, it means that he will complete his work and get what he wants, or it could mean the end ofhis life, following which, one usu ally attends to his resting time, which is similar to death.
If one sees himself performing the daybreak prayers before dawn in a dream, it means that the morning has come and it will be soon before he hears either good or bad news. On another level, if one sees himself praying the evening ‘I.§ha prayers in a dream, it means that he is committed to attend to his family’s needs as commanded by God Almighty, such as providing for their food, clothing, shelter and teachings. Ifone sees himself praying in the middle of the night (arb. Witter) in a dream, it means that he does attend to his family’s needs and perhaps they feel comfort in his presence. Ifone sees himself performing the dawn Fajr prayers in a dream, it means that he will start with the inevitable, such as working to provide for his family.
If one sees himself performing the midday Zuhur prayers at the time of the mid-afternoon prayers in a dream, it means that he will repay his debts. Ifone’s midday Zuhur prayers or his mid-afternoon ‘A§.rprayers are interrupted in the dream, it means that he will pay half of what he owes.
If one sees himself performing the midafternoon prayers in a dream, it means that hisjob will shortly be completed and only little work is left for him to finish. Praying the sunset Maghrib prayers in a dream means finishing one’s duties and it is time for him to take a rest.
The night ‘Isha prayers in a dream means veiling things or entering the privacy of one’s home. On a third level, the midday Zuhur prayers mean repentance, dismissal or abrogation of laws.
The midday Zuhur prayers also could mean struggling against Satan and one’s enemies, which struggle takes place usually at the time of one’s midday nap.
The mid-afternoon ‘A§.r prayers in a dream also represents victory in one’s life, or it could mean guidance, blessings and observing God’s laws.
The sunset Maghrib prayers in a dream means losing a parent, the passing away of one’s guardian, the death of a close friend or the impeachment ofthe person the dream indicate. Seeing oneselfpraying the night ‘Isha prayers in a dream means preparing for a journey, or it could mean marriage, moving from one place into another, or it could mean suffering from cataract, weakness of one’s vision, or it could denote the vastness of what is to come, for ‘Isha prayers are distant from the dawn Fajr prayers. Performing the dawn Fajr prayers in a dream indicates a vow one pledges. Praying the midafternoon ‘A§r prayers in a dream means attaining ease after suffering from hardships. Performing the sunset Maghrib prayers in a dream means having crossed somethingthat will come back later, andperformingthe night ‘Ishaprayers in a dream means deception and a tricks.
If one sees himself performing the Friday congregational prayers in a dream, it means that he will attain what he is hoping for.
If one sees himself praying inside a garden in a dream, it means that he is beseeching God Almighty for His forgiveness.
If one sees himself praying in a farmland in a dream, it means repayment of his debts. Ifhe prays inside a slaughter house in a dream, it means that he will commit the loathsome act of sodomy. Ifone sees himselfpraying seated without an excuse in a dream, it means that he will perform a deed which is not acceptable by his Lord.
If he prays lying on his side in bed in a dream, it means that he will be bed stricken.
If one performs his prayers in a mosque, then leaves it to attend to other duties in a dream, it means that whatever he attends to will be blessed, and he will profit from it.
If one sees himselfpraying while riding in a dream, it means that he is struck with fear, or that he may face a fight. Ifone sees himself performing the obligatory (arb. FarQh) prayers shortened to two groupings of prostrations (arb. Rak’at) in a dream, it means travels.
If one sees himself praying while eating honey in a dream, it means that he may engage in sexual intercourse with his wife during the fasting hours.
If a woman sees herself performing the obligatory (arb. Far!lli) prayers shortened to two grouping of prostrations in a dream, it means that she will have her monthly menstrual period on that day.
If one discovers that he has missed the time of the prescribed prayer and could not find a place or time to perform it in his dream, it means that he will face difficulties finishing something or paying a debt or satisfy a worldly goal.
If one intentionally neglects to do an obligatory prayer, or ifhe plans to do them later 166 (arb. Qada’) in the dream, it means that he takes his religious commitment lightly and hopes to correct his attitude at a later time. Performing the Friday congregational prayers in a dream is a sign of happiness, joy, festivities, celebrations, the pilgrimage season, abstaining from borrowing money for one’s accessories or luxuries. Performing the festival prayers (arb. Eid) at the end of the month of Ramadan in a dream means paying one’s debts, recovering from an illness, dispelling difficulties and dissipating one’s worries. Performing the prayers ofthe festival ofsacrifice (arb. Eid-ul Adjja. See Immolation; Manumission) in a dream means controlling one’s business, respecting one’s promises or fulfilling one’s vows. Performing the mid-morning prayers (arb. Dhuhii) in a dream means amnesty, innocence, makinga true oath, happiness and beingfree from polytheism. Ifone performs the prayer of a sick person in a dream, it means lack of luck and doubt about one’s faith. Grouping two prayers at one time or shortening them in a dream, means travels or temptation. Performing one’s prayers directly on a filthy, wet and impure ground without a prayer mat means poverty, humiliation and needs.
If one sees himself praying without properly covering his or her modesty as required in a dream, it means committing wrong while fasting or giving charity from unlawful earnings, following innovation, falling victim to passions or professing that one is right however he does his prayers. Ifone performs the prayers of fearing something in a dream, it means creating a business partnership, business activities or suffering the pangs of death. Talking during prayers in a dream means asking to get back a gift one has offered, or failure to focus one’s intention, or talking about one’s charities in public. In a dream, when performing one’s prayers, if one reads loud when he should read inwardly, or ifhe reads inwardly when he is supposed to invoke outwardly, and if he is called upon to judge between people, it means that his judgment will be wrong or that he may follow his own mind, or it could mean affectation, falsehood, hypocrisy, hiding the truth or unjustly confiscating someone’s money.
If one changes the order of the ritual prayers in a dream, it means that he disobeys his parents or objects to someone he is supposed to hear and obey, or perhaps he will be afflicted with forgetfulness or staying-up sleepless nights, or it could mean that he lacks intelligence, or that he is unable to memorise or remember things. Performing the late night prayers, (arb. Tari’iwi’h) in a dream means toiling, exhaustion, repayment of one’s debts and receiving guidance. Performing a special prayer for rain (arb. Istisqa) in a dream denotes fears, languid, rising prices, dullness of the market, trouble, unhappiness, attachment and stagnation of the construction business. Performing the solar or the lunar eclipse prayers in a dream means striving to deliver comfort or to appease someone or perhaps it could denote repentance of a sinner, returning to the path of God Almighty, fearing the authorities, difficulties, or manifestation of major signs of the fast approaching Hour of Reckoning. Performing a special prayer of fear (arb. Khawf) in a dream represents unity, concord, commonconsent, peace and tranquility. Performingthe funeral prayers (arb. -Ianaza) in a dream means interceding on behalf of the deceased.
If the deceased is unknown, then performing the funeral prayers means giving employment to a jobless person, profits from a partnership, or it could denote failure to adequately perform one’s regular obligatory prayers, or being forgetful or oft-distracted during prayers. Ifone sees himself leading the funeral prayers in a dream, and then after completinghis prayers intercedes exaggeratedly with special invocations on behalf of the deceased in a dream, it means that he will be appointed by a ruler who is a hypocrite to manage a sector of his business.
If one sees himself then invoking blessings upon the deceased in the dream, it means that God Almighty has forgiven him his sins. Ifone sees himself sitting in a gathering of people praying for departed souls in a dream, it means that he will pray in a funeral. Seeing oneself in a dream performing a funeral prayer, means that one will intercede on behalf of a sinner.
If one sees himself performingthe Friday congregational prayers (arb. Jumu’a) in a dream, itmeans that relief is coming his way, or it could mean a reunion with a beloved, or satisfying a need one is asking for it to be fulfilled.
If one sees himself praying the Friday prayers alone in the dream, it means that such help is exclusive to him.
If one loses something and sees himself in a dream celebrating one of the two Islamic festivals, itmeans that he will find his lost object. Ifone sees himself performing the festival prayers (arb. ‘Eid) of the end of the month of Ramadan in the dream, it means perosperity, and if it is the festival of sacrifice in the dream, it means repayment of his debts, dispelling stress, advancement in one’s life or job or release from prison. Performing either the solar or the lunar eclipse prayers (arb. Kusiif or Kl!ustif) in a dream means that a calamity will befall the leaders of the country or its renowned people, or it could mean the death of a great person of knowledge, whereby everyone will attend his funeral. As for the special prayer for rain (arb. Istisqa), performing it in a dream may represent an accident, or it could mean political unrest.
If the people offer this prayer from its inception to its completion in the dream, it means that their adversity will be lifted. Praying any supererogatory prayers (arb. Nafl) in a dream represents piety and devotion to the leading example (arb. Sunnah) practiced by God’s Messenger, upon whom be peace.
If a woman sees herselfleading men in prayers in the dream, it means that she will shortly die. Performing supplementary prayers (arb. Sunnah) following the leading example of God’s messenger, upon whom be peace, in a dream means serving one’s community wit sincerity, purity and good qualities. Ifone sees himselfperforming extra supererogatory prayers in a dream, it means that he cares about the success of his life in the hereafter, and that he shall enjoy the fruit of his devotion both in this world and in the hereafter. Performing one’s obligatory prayers (arb. FarQh) in a dream means providingthe necessary care for one’s family, while performing the supplementary prayers (arb. Sunnah) means working to provide extra comforts for one’s family.
The same interpretation is provided for performing the congregational night prayers of the month of Ramadan known in Arabic as Tarawlh. Seeing that in a dream means taking care of the family needs and bringing comfort to their hearts. During a congregational prayer, if the rows are straight in the dream, it means that such people are in a constant state of celebrating God’s praises. Supererogatory prayers in a dream also mean striving for unity with one’s community, love for one’s brethren and constantly trying to serve and please them with deeds, money, moral and financial support.
If the person seeing the dream is unmarried, it means that he will get married.lfhe is married, it means that he will beget two children.
If a poor person sees himself performing voluntary prayers in a dream, it means that he will earn enough to satisfy his needs.
If one performs the middle of the night prayers known in Arabic as Tahajjud in a dream, it means that he will rise in station. Performing special prayers for the fulfillment of certain wishes in a dream means attending official ceremonies, or being punctual at one’s appointments.
To perform one’s prayers after the due time (arb. Qada’) in a dream means paying one’s debts, repentance from sins or fulfilling one’s vows. Performing one’s prayers sitting in a dream means an illness, failures, contentment, or a warning about an affliction that will befall one’s father, teacher, or a beloved. Performing a special prayer for forgiveness (arb. Istighfar) in a dream means forgiveness for one’s sins and acceptance ofhis repentance. Ifthis prayer is performed in congregation in one’s dream, it means rain, prosperity, begetting children for a barren person, a good harvest, or the purchase of a new property. Performing the special prayers of celebrating God’s praises, known in Arabic as Tasablh in a dream means a receiving a gift, an endowment of divine grace, blessings and prosperity. Performing a special prayer of soliciting guidance for a specific need or cir168 cumstance in a dream (arb. Istikh.arah) means dispelling doubt or confusion, receiving guidance for one’s problem, or it could denote the success of a project.
If the one performing such a special prayer is known to follow the guidance of a spiritual teacher or shaikh, then his dream means lowering of his spiritual status, for a true seeker has no questions. Performing a special prayer for the safe return of a traveller in a dream (arb. Qha’ib) means asking for suitable weather conditions for one’s own needs or for people’s needs. Performing a special prayer over the grave of a deceased in a dream means offering special gifts that warrant no reward, or it could mean distributing charity to needy people. Performing a special prayer of greeting the mosque in a dream means spending one’s money to help his relatives and the needy people among his friends. Performing a sudden and an unexpected prayer in a dream means givingcharities in secret, or askingfor employment from unjust people. Performing any supererogatory prayer, whether during the day or the night in a dream means performing a good deed that brings someone closer to his Lord, or reconciling adversaries, or fostering love between people.
If one sees himself laughing during his prayers in a dream, it means that he oft-forgets his prayers and that he is delinquent about performing them properly and on time.
If one sees himself praying while drunk in a dream, it means that he will give a false testimony in court. Ifone sees himself praying without the required ablution in a dream, it means that his religious performance is worthless and that his adherence is despicable.
If one sees himself standing in prayers toward the wrong direction in a dream, it means that he does the opposite of what he is required to do, or that he acts the opposite of what God Almighty has ordained.
If one sees himself turning his back toward God’s House in a dream, it means that he is an apostate who rejects God’s religion or that he does not care about it.
If one sees the people in the mosque facing another direction in his dream, it means that their leader or judge will be dismissed from his office, or that he neglects to follow the prescribed rules of his religion, or that he follows his own mind and desire in making religious interpretations. However, performingone’s prayers and turning with helplessness toward any direction and crying for help in a dream means seeking God’s nearness, or asking to be accepted by other believers for an unacceptable indulgence or a non-permissible opinion, or it could mean travelling in the direction he faced in his dream. Ifone sees himself praying eastward or westward and beyond the point of God’s House in Mecca in a dream, it means that he is a despicable person who is full of arrogance, who backbites and slanders others and who is daring to indulge in sin and disobedience to his Lord. Ifone could not find the direction ofthe Ka’aba in his dream, it means that he has doubt about his faith. However, if one sees himself facing the holy Ka’aba in the dream, it means that he is walking on the straight path. Hone sees himselfwearing a white garb and reading the Qur’an in the dream, it means that he will join the caravan of pilgrims to Mecca. God knows best. (Also see Death; Imam; Pharaoh)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
If the deceased is unknown, then performing the funeral prayers in a dream means employment for a jobless person, profits from a partnership, or it could denote failure to adequately performingone’s regular obligatory prayers, or beingoft-forgetful, and distracted during one’s prayers. Leading the funeral prayers in a dream and interceding with exaggerated invocations on behalf of the deceased in a dream means receiving a political appointment by a ruler who is a hypocrite to manage a sector of his business. Invoking blessings upon the deceased in a dream means that God Almighty has forgiven him. Sitting in a gathering where people are praying for those who passed away in a dream means attending a funeral. Performing the funeral prayers in a dream also means interceding on behalf of a sinner. (Also see Death; Flue times prayers; Funeral)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
Old age and the sagacity that comes with long life (note the gray hair on elderly people). Finding yourself in between stages, or having qualms and misgivings (e.g., “gray areas”).
The subconscious or the substance of the mind itself (e.g., “gray matter”).
The cabalistic color of wisdom.... The Language of Dreams
If gray hair grows in one’s beard and head in the dream, it means poverty. Seeing half gray hair mixed with one’s beard in a dream means strength, dignity and honor.
If one’s wife is pregnant, and if he sees his hair turned gray in the dream, it means that she will beget a son. Ifone sees himself plucking out gray hair from his beard in a dream, it means that he respects the elderly people and honor religious scholars.
If a woman sees her hair turned gray in a dream, it means the arrival of guests, or it could mean that her husband is having a mistress. Ifa rich person sees his body covered with gray hair in a dream, it means major business losses, while for a poor person it means debts that he cannot repay.
The gray hair of an unknown woman represents a drying crop.
If a soldier sees his hair gray in a dream, it means his weakness or defeat in the battlefield. Ifa sick person sees his hair gray in a dream, it means his death and shrouding.
If a person is afraid of something then sees his hair gray in a dream, it means appeasement of his fears, or amnesty given by a ruler or ajudge deciding in his favor. It is also said that woman’s gray hair in a dream means that she will be insulted by her in-laws, or it could mean divorce. Ifone’s gray hair increase, but still include some black hair in the dream, it means dignity and reverence.
If no black hair remains, then it means a rebuke or a reprimand one will hear from his superior.
If one’s black beard turns gray in a dream, it means that he may fail in his religious life, or lose his wealth.
If one discovers two or three gray hairs in his black beard in a dream, it means that he will beget a son or that someone he loves will return from a long journey.
If the hair of one’s chest turns gray in a dream, it means that his food will become spoiled. Seeing one’s beard brilliantly gray and beautiful in a dream means honor and fame throughout the lands.
To pluck a gray hair in a dream also means disrespect for the elderly. Gray hair in a dream also means poverty, debts, pain, distance from others, being harsh with others, or imprisonment. (Also see Dye; Elderly person)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
To dream of slicking your hair down or back with hair products, predicts that you will have an increase in your social status. Dreaming that a hairdresser uses products on your hair, means you must not repeat gossip or it will return to work against you threefold. Also see “Hair Dye.”... My Dream Interpretation
To hear others repeat it, denotes the danger of some friend. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation
The manta ray lives near the bottom of the ocean, hiding itself in the sand.
If a manta ray reveals itself to you in a dream, you are being exposed to a hidden secret within your mind.
The manta ray is graceful and effortlessly glides through your subconscious.
The manta ray makes an excellent guide to knowing yourself better.... Dream Symbols and Analysis
The manta ray may also be an aspect of your own personality which exhibit these qualities. Alternatively, you may be going through a difficult, painful, or unpleasant emotional period.... My Dream Interpretation
1- Prayer suggests the idea that we need to seek outside help for ourselves. We mav need someone else’s authority to succeed in what we are doing.
2- Psychologically, the human being has always needed to feel that there Is a greater power than himself available to him.
To be praying in a dream reinforces this, since the dreamer needs to use his own inner sense of self to access the Greater Power.
3- Supplication and Worship are two aspects of prayer.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
To be praying in a dream reinforces this, since we need to use our own inner sense of self to access the greater power.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
If you see or read a prayer book, it means comfort in your present sad situation. Seeing someone else praying: you have good friends who will always be on your side in times of need. Receiving a prayer book as a gift means that a very good person will help you. Losing a prayer book means losing a loyal friend. Throwing a prayer book away: you will be the cause of emotional conflicts. See Worship.
Depth Psychology: Prayers stand for humility and the faith you have in finding help in a dire situation. Sometimes it also means that a wish w ill be fulfilled. Praying in front of a cross is an expression of anxiety, fearing for one’s existence.
The soul is looking for God’s help; ask for it! The prayer book is a symbol of your need for comfort and better insight.... Dreamers Dictionary
If one sees himself alone making the call to prayers (Azan) then establishing it (Iqtimah.) in the dream, it means that he will strive to do good and to eliminate evil in his life. Ifone completes his prayers with the traditional greetings to the right and then to the left in a dream, it means that his worries and concerns will be eliminated, and that he will pursue the path of love and unity.
If one pays the greeting only to the right in his dream, it means that he will seek to correct only some of his religious concerns.
If he pays the greeting to the left side only in the dream, it means that he will be troubled for sometime to come. Paying the regards of peace (Salam) at the end of one’s prayers in a dream means pursuing one’s path, following the proper religious traditions, completing one’s job, resignation from one’sjob, receiving an important appointment, dismissal from work, travels, or profits.
If one ends his prayers beginning his greetings from the left, then proceeding to the right in a dream, it means innovation, or that he follows the path of evil.
If one ends his prayers without the traditional greetings in the dream, it means that he is more interested in collecting his immediate profits than in protecting his capital investment. (Also see Call to prayers; Fiue time prayers; Greetings; Imam; Impurities; Pharaoh; Prostration)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The dream may be a reminder that you “can” do something. Don’t underestimate your abilities and talents.
If you dreamed of spraying the can, you will soon get some good news or learn some secret knowledge. However, if the can in your dream was empty, discarded, or you threw it away, you may have serious money troubles ahead - start saving!... My Dream Interpretation
If the trays seem to be filled with valuables, surprises will come in the shape of good fortune. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation
2. A repressed difﬁculty or anxiety trying to come to the surface.
3. Possible health issue.
4. Reverse: good health and well-being. ... New American Dream Dictionary
If the dreamer is carrying out the X-ray it maybe necessary to look more deeply into a situation. There mav also be a fear of illness, either in oneself or others.
2- Within waking life, it may be that there is something we need to see through. This can be a play on words, in that we need to finish something off. or we may need to have a very clear view of a situation around us.
3- Spiritually, an X-ray can symbolise a new visual clarity that the dreamer is about to experience. This clear-sightedness should enable the dreamer to move ahead confidently.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
Depth Psychology: Are you afraid that someone will look “through you”? Are you suddenly able to “look through” another person or a certain situation? The x-ray could also mean that you’re afraid of getting sick or that you would like to understand yourself better—to understand what is going on uinside.” If the x-ray is very clear and the images sharp, the dream is the sign of a keen mind that will greatly enhance your personal growth.... Dreamers Dictionary
If you are carrying out the x-ray it may be necessary to look more deeply into a situation. There may also be a fear of illness, either in yourself or others. This image is obviously more likely to occur when you have health concerns or work in a hospital situation.... Dream Meanings of Versatile