Milking From Cow And Giving To Me | Dream Meanings

What does Milking From Cow And Giving To Me mean in dream?

Milking From Cow And Giving To Me | Dream Meanings

Keywords of this dream: Milking Cow Giving


Islamic Dream Interpretation

Accepting something from the dead is regarded as good while giving him something is regarded as bad.

If a person sees a dead person giving him something of this world it mean he will acquire livelihood from an unimaginable source. And if he sees himself giving a dead person clothes normally worn by living persons and he accepts such clothes and wears them it means he (the giver) has a short life span.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

It symbolises a good and prosperous year.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream - Cafer-i Sadik

interpreted upon 6 sides: guardianship, leadership, honor & glory, quantity, rank.... Islamic Dream - Cafer-i Sadik

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Counting)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Symbol of prosperity or famine, according to whether cow is fat or lean... Dream Dictionary Unlimited

New American Dream Dictionary

1. If a single cow, maternal instinct.

2. Herd of cows signifies paying too much attention to others.

3. Victim. ... New American Dream Dictionary

Islamic Dream Interpretation

It symbolises the current year or a woman.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

A cow in a dream represents longevity.

A black or a yellow cow represents happiness, prosperity and a good harvest.

A white spot on a cow’s face means firmness if seen in a dream at the early part of the year.

The piebald cow or a cow blotched with white and black in a dream means the same, though the latter also represents firmness when seen in the middle of the year.

A fat cow in a dream represents longevity and prosperity.

A fat cow in a dream also may represent a pious woman.

An emaciated cow in a dream represents drought. Drinking cow’s milk or eating its meat or fat in a dream means prosperity and earning lawful income for that year.

If the cow has horns, it represents a rebellious woman.

If a dairy cow allows the person to draw her milk in a dream, it means conferring benefits. Otherwise, if it refuses to allow the person to milk her in the dream, it means dissonance and discord.

If a servant sees himself milking his master’s cow in a dream, it means that he will marry his wife after the master dies, and that he will become extremely rich.

If a cow enters one’s house and thrusts against him, or butts against him in the dream, it means losses and mistrust in one’s own family.

If one sees himself hitting a cow with a wooden stick or biting a cow in a dream, the cow then represents his sins.

If a cow scratches someone in a dream, it means an illness.

If one is attacked by a cow or a steer in a dream, it means that a great punishment will befall him, or it could mean that he may be killed during that same year. Ifone sees himself riding a black cow, or if a cow enters his house, where he ties her to a pole in his dream, it means money, good business and dispelling of his anxiety, sadness, loneliness or distress.

A slaughtered cow in a dream represents a calamity.

If a shipment of yellow cows arrives at the port of a city in a dream, it means a plague or the spreading of unknown diseases.

If a herd of ugly looking cows enters a city with smoke emanatingfrom their noses, and if the people hate their look in the dream, it means a raid, an enemy, or that unwanted solders will control that town.

If one sees himself riding a cow in a dream, it means that he will inherit a woman.

If one is offered a cow hide as a gift in a dream, it means that he will receive money from someone in authority. On the other hand, if one is stripped of a cow’s hide he owns in a dream, it represents a fine that he will have to pay.

To see the calfofthe Children ofIsrael in a dream means dissension, temptation or a murder. It also may mean a miraculous event, or that a heavenly sign will take place in that locality.

If the person is disobedient to his mother, he will repent and turn to be good to her.

If a cow butts against him in a dream, it means that God is displeased with him. (Also see Counting cows)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Christian Dream Symbols

Oppressive, wealthy women who live in leisurely ease, Amos 4:1... Christian Dream Symbols

The Bedside Dream Dictionary

In our dreams, this simple domestic animal can represent a variety of very important and deeply-felt issues. In some cultures the cow is a sacred symbol, representing divine qualities of fertility, nourishment and motherhood. Consider the details in your dream and make attempts to identify the individual, (it could be yourself), to whom the symbolism applies. Additional characteristics to consider when interpreting a dream with cows as one of the primary symbols are passivity, docility and general contentment with life.

The cow is mostly a positive dream symbol, and superstition-based dream interpretation say that grazing cows are symbols of prosperity, contentment and happiness. See also: Animals... The Bedside Dream Dictionary

The Fabric of Dream

A dream of plenty in proportion to the number seen (Artemidorus) ; a symbol of the earth as mother of all things.... The Fabric of Dream

A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Similar to the bull, but representing the female side of one’s nature, especially the easy self-giving of oneself and body to others, or a baby, one’s mother or the mother role. Idioms: sacred cow; milch cow; till the cows come home. ... A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Little Giant Encyclopedia

See Milk.

A symbol for mother. It appears only very rarely in mens dreams, and only when there is a strong connection to the mother. It has also been a prophetic symbol—of a lean or productive year. Remember Pharaoh’s dream about the seven lean and the seven abundant years, as interpreted by Joseph? In India the cow is seen as the earth itself, and in Egypt the cow represents heaven (Hathor).... Little Giant Encyclopedia

Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary

see Animals... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary

Gypsy Dream Dictionary

A sign of home and comfort. You will want for little.

If you are milking the cow, then you will have to work hard most of your life but will be well rewarded for it.... Gypsy Dream Dictionary

Ariadne's Book of Dream

As the nurturing aspect of the feminine, the cow may come to offer you some mothering.

The arrival of cows in a dream may predict prosperity. In its negative connotation, “as big as a cow,” a cow may represent obesity.... Ariadne's Book of Dream

The Complete Dream Book

It Is good Luck to dream of one or more cows.

The prediction is of peaceful and profitable pursuits.... The Complete Dream Book

Dreamers Dictionary

Symbol: In the Mediterranean region, the cow symbolizes the goddess of love and fertility.

Vision: Looking at one or more cows is a sign of personal good luck, unless the cows are malnourished, in which ease it means bad luck.

A cow barn means a recovery from an illness soon. Watching while someone else is milking a cow: you suspect that somebody is taking advantage of you. Being chased by a cow: through sheer stupidity one of your friends is becoming a danger to you.

Depth Psychology: The cow is a symbol of femininity, longing, and motherhood. In a woman’s dream, it can indicate sexual desire that can be found only in the safety of a sound relationship.... Dreamers Dictionary

Dream Meanings and Dream Interpretation

see Dream Dictionary: Animals

... Dream Meanings and Dream Interpretation

Strangest Dream Explanations

Dreams of a cow symbolize sacredness and maternal qualities. Since cows produce milk, which converts to many of the dairy products that sustain us, it is associated with providence, nourishing, food, and life itself. See Milk and Cattle.... Strangest Dream Explanations

Indian Interpretation of Dreams

Milking cow is a sign of riches.

To be pursued by a cow indicates an overtaking enemy. ... Indian Interpretation of Dreams

Dream Meanings of Versatile

The eternal feminine, especially the mother or mother figure, is often depicted by the cow. This is partly because it provides milk and nourishment.... Dream Meanings of Versatile

Dream Meanings of Versatile

See animals... Dream Meanings of Versatile

Dream Explanations of Astro Center

In ancient societies, a person’s wealth was defined by the number of cattle he or she owned. Cows have also long been a symbol for love, nurturing, kindness, and generosity. Dreaming of a live, happy cow, especially one with a calf, is almost always a positive symbol, and other symbols in the dream will shed more light on exactly what’s going on.

A dead, sick, or ailing cow, however, indicates that future plans may be in jeopardy, and action needs to be taken. See “Bull”, “Calf”.... Dream Explanations of Astro Center

My Dream Interpretation

Cows in dreams represent wealth, happiness and femininity.... My Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Bell)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

All three symbolise prosperity and goodness, sheep milk also symbolises prosperity and goodness but to a lesser degree than the former.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Mystic Dream Book

Good luck, unless you are pursued by the animal, in which case it depends upon what happens.

If you escape the Cow, you will survive the evil schemes of some enemy.

The greater the number of animals seen, the more serious the warning.... Mystic Dream Book

Dream Dictionary Unlimited

See “corwin”... Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Revealed to give one courage... Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(Lacking courage) Cowardliness in a dream means training one’s horses for a racing business, or it could mean modesty, or defending what is right and opposing what is wrong.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

In a dream, a cowboy represents flow of profits from one’s business, or it may mean dancing or whirling.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Christian Dream Symbols

This is symbolic of a loner, someone who is self-sufficient ... Christian Dream Symbols

Little Giant Encyclopedia

Adventure, individualism. Exaggerated craving for admiration. Longing for directness and being closer to self. See Rifle and Hunter.... Little Giant Encyclopedia

Ariadne's Book of Dream

As an archetype, a cowboy boasts the qualities of a tough, rugged, strong man.

The appearance of woman’s dream may represent someone who with his physique and charm but who will love her He may turn out to be a coyote or trickster on a women’s path of self-fulfillment.... Ariadne's Book of Dream

Dream Symbols and Analysis

To see or dream that you are a cowboy represents manliness, severity, and robustness. You are capable of managing your basic primal desires as well as your intuition.... Dream Symbols and Analysis

Dream Explanations of Astro Center

Whether the dreamer is a cowboy or simply sees one in his dream, he feels lost and alone, seeking wealth but never finding it.

If the cowboy is in the company of others, the dreamer is not as alone as he thinks.

If the cowboy is driving cattle, the dreamer shouldn’t despair, as better financial conditions are on the way.... Dream Explanations of Astro Center

My Dream Interpretation

Dreaming of cowboys signifies being in tune with nature and individualism. You have the ability to control your feelings and determine the course of your own life.... My Dream Interpretation

Strangest Dream Explanations

Dreams of a cowboy/cowgirl symbolize that you are connecting with a rough, rugged, grounded, natural aspects of yourself. Perhaps you are learning to rope in your wild desires and corral them into manifestation. See Country.... Strangest Dream Explanations

Dream Symbols and Analysis

To dream of your coworkers reflects the way you interact with them. This could indicate any conflicts or bonds that you share with them. It represents your aspirations, hopes, efforts and tendency to debate with others.

If the coworkers in your dream are not your actual coworkers, then they may symbolize an aspect of your personality that you need to alter or improve.

To dream that you are training someone to take your place implies that you are ready to begin new projects and encourage personal talents and abilities to grow. You have adopted new perspectives to replace previous ones. *Refer to Office.... Dream Symbols and Analysis

Dream Explanations of Astro Center

Oddly enough, dreaming of a colleague rarely involves issues at work.

The focus is more likely to be on traits this person possesses that mean something to you.

For example, if this person’s voice is especially loud, whatever he or she is saying to you in the dream is especially significant, and you should pay attention.

If this person is someone you feel you can trust, there is some issue in your life involving trust that needs to be resolved.

If you dream that a coworker whom you don’t particularly like suddenly acts like your best friend, or a colleague whom you like and respect turns hostile, be prepared for a reversal of some kind - for better or worse.... Dream Explanations of Astro Center

My Dream Interpretation

To see your coworkers in your dream, highlights aspects of your real life relationship with them, including difficulties or how well they support you. It signifies your ambition, struggles and competitive nature.

If the coworkers in your dream are not your actual coworkers, then they may symbolize some psychological aspect of yourself that you need to work on.

If you dream that you are training a coworker to take your place at work, this means you are making progress with respect to some task or inner development. You are leaving behind old attitudes and are looking toward the future.... My Dream Interpretation

Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To dream of seeing cows waiting for the milking hour, promises abundant fulfilment of hopes and desires. See Cattle. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

The Language of Dreams

(see Animals)

Red cows appearing in a dream are a positive, hopeful omen of peace and plenty. In Persia, these represented the spirit of dawn, which is filled with renewed vitality and courage.

In Greece, an all-white cow was ail alternative symbol for the moon.

A natural source of nourishment (see Meat).

Among the Celts and people of Scandinavian heritages, an emblem of continued provision.

A sacred animal in India, representative of life itself.

The milk from cows is used to nourish kings and priests, so this dream may represent self-nourishment.

Among ancient Egyptians, Indians, and Scandinavians, the cow was an emblem of the Great iMother, and some psychological schools still ascribe this image as possibly being linked to your own mother (see Women).... The Language of Dreams

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Carriage house)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To dream of gathering cowslips, portends unhappy ending of seemingly close and warm friendships; but seeing them growing, denotes a limited competency for lovers. This is a sinister dream.

To see them in full bloom, denotes a crisis in your affairs.

The breaking up of happy homes may follow this dream. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

The Complete Dream Book

A pleasant experience with friends is in store for you if you dream of these flowers.... The Complete Dream Book

The Complete Dream Book

Dreaming that you see these flowers in bloom is a presage of happiness derived from friendship.... The Complete Dream Book

Mystic Dream Book

If you see wildflowers in your dream, it is generally a good sign, though the good fortune may come from some unexpected source.... Mystic Dream Book

The Bedside Dream Dictionary

In our dreams, this simple domestic animal can represent a variety of very important and deeply-felt issues. In some cultures the cow is a sacred symbol, representing divine qualities of fertility, nourishment and motherhood. Consider the details in your dream and make attempts to identify the individual, (it could be yourself), to whom the symbolism applies. Additional characteristics to consider when interpreting a dream with cows as one of the primary symbols are passivity, docility and general contentment with life.

The cow is mostly a positive dream symbol, and superstition-based dream interpretation say that grazing cows are symbols of prosperity, contentment and happiness. See also: Animals ... The Bedside Dream Dictionary

Islamic Dream Interpretation

it symbolsies a good and prosperous year if a person sees himself as becoming the owner of such a cow or if they belong to the people of that locality in which they are seen.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

If one’s sins are forgiven in a dream, it means receiving guidance, abstinence from sin, protecting one’s chastity, hoping for God’s forgiveness, engaging in charitable actions and offering atonements.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Dream Meanings of Versatile

In a spiritual sense, dreaming of a gift may be pointing us towards our creative talents, of which we may not yet be aware. We need to acknowledge the gifts and talents we have and use them appropriately. In a spiritual sense giving in is submitting to a higher authority.... Dream Meanings of Versatile

Dream Meanings of Versatile

Psychological / emotional perspective: Each of us has a store of unconscious knowledge, which from time to time becomes available to us and may appear in dreams as gifts. Some of these gifts we are able to share with others. This satisfies one of the fundamental needs of the human being: to be able to give to others. Psychologically this represents our ability to belong to a community, to have others belong within our lives and to assume responsibility for other people.... Dream Meanings of Versatile

Dream Meanings of Versatile

Material aspects: Giving is all about the relationships we have with ourselves, the environment and with others. So to dream of giving somebody something in a dream indicates our need to give and take within a relationship – our need to give of ourselves, perhaps to share with others what we have, and to create an environment that allows for give and take.

To receive a gift within a dream is to recognize our talents and abilities. You might also like to consult the entries for present / presents for further information.... Dream Meanings of Versatile

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(Allot; Distribute; Gift; Offer) Giving something in a dream indicates the value or worth of the giver.

If one gives his workers or a needy person little money when they merit more, it denotes his disobedience to the commands of God Almighty, or straying away from the prophetic traditions.

If one is denied what he is asking for in a dream, it means failure in his religious practices, suffering from the consequences of challenging others and arguing about religious laws, or it could represent one’s perilous pursuit of heedless thoughts.

If a sick person sees himself paying his debts in a dream, it means his death or the spoiling of his wealth.

If he is healthy, then it denotes a case of mental derangement, anger, lack of self-control or raising one’s voice unnecessarily.

If a poor person sees himself paying someone’s debt in a dream, it means that he will receive benefits. Receiving monetary compensation by a court order in a dream denotes lawful earnings.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Relatedness; the son of exchange or give and take which goes on in a relationship, even the internal relationship with oneself, or the environment. One can give afTection, sup­port, sex, ideas, as well as wounds. One needs to see what the interaction is by looking at what is given. Receiving: consider what is received to define what you are accepting or rejecting in oneself or from others.

The idioms show the many ways this action can be used: don’t give me that, give and take; give as good as one gets; give away or give-away; give oneself away, give somebody away; don’t give a brass farthing; give place; give a piece of one’s mind, give them enough rope; give someone the evil or glad eye; give someone the elbow; give one’s notice. See gift. ... A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences

Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary

1- Giving is all about the internal relationship with oneself or the environment and with others. So to dream of giving somebody something in a dream indicates our need to give and take within a relationship - our need to give of ourselves, perhaps to share with others what we have, and to create an environment that allows for give and take.

2- It is one of the fundamental needs of the human being to be able to share with other people. Psychologically this represents our ability to belong to others, to have others belong within our lives and to assume responsibility for other people. So to dream of giving in this wav indicates our own innate abilities.

3- The dreamer should acknowledge the gifts he has and use them appropriately, lest they be taken away.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Childbirth)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Ariadne's Book of Dream

Giving birth in a dream represents giving birth to some project or creative endeavor. It may mention a new friendship. It may also signify the birth of a new aspect of the self that bnngs new qualities and skills to your personality.

A difficult birth may represent problems in delivering a product to the marketplace.

A premature birth may remark that you are way ahead of yourself and others and, as a result, your ideas may not have been cultivated long enough in order to be realized.... Ariadne's Book of Dream

Islamic Dream - Cafer-i Sadik

whover sees herself giving birth to a son and he speaks with her soon after, then it indicates her death. And if she sees herself giving birth to a girl, and she talks with her soon after, then Allah the AllMighty will grant her a son who will dominate his nation.... Islamic Dream - Cafer-i Sadik

Islamic Dream Interpretation

Drawing water from the well and seeing impurities and filth in such water means the person doing so will pollute his wealth with haraam wealth.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

A secret will be divulged to him.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

It means a son will be born to him and he will die, or if he is wealthy he will lose his wealth.

And Allah, The Pure and Sublime knows best.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Little Giant Encyclopedia

Fleeing or approaching something, as in Emigration. Not wanting to be part of something anymore or not wanting to be doing something in a particular way. What’s important is what you want to exit from, and what your feelings are.... Little Giant Encyclopedia

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(Death) In a dream, the return of one’s soul back to its Lord means remitting of a trust back to its rightful owner, the recovery of a sick person from his illness, the release of a prisoner from jail, or perhaps it could represent a reunion of people who love one another. (Also see Death)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

It symbolises many prosperous years depending on how fat they are.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

They symbolise drought and many lean years.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Gypsy Dream Dictionary

See Eating / Drinking.... Gypsy Dream Dictionary

Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

To dream of milking, and it flows in great streams from the udder, while the cow is restless and threatening, signifies you will see great opportunities withheld from you, but which will result in final favor for you. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

Milking a cow in a dream represents a demanding employer. Milking a goat may mean good neighborly relations, toadying, diplomacy, or seeking to earn one’s livelihood.

If an employee sees himself milking a cow or a goat in a dream, it means that he will marry his employer’s wife.

If a poor person sees himself milking a goat or a cow and drinking her milk in a dream, it means financial stability.

If he is rich, it means that he will rise in station. Milking a camel in a dream means receiving a significant gift from a person in authority.

If the milk turns into blood in the dream, it means that he will acquire illegal funds. Milking any domesticated animal in a dream also means marriage to a righteous person, or bearing a blessed child.

The element of milk in a dream also can be interpreted as deception. (Also see Dairyman; Milk; Trader)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Dreamers Dictionary

Vision: Milking a cow: everything you are about to undertake will turn out well.

If you are attempting to milk a cow but there is no milk in the udder: a project you are determined to do won’t work out, because you don’t have the energy to cam’ it through. See Cow.

Depth Psychology: Take your luck into your own hands!... Dreamers Dictionary

Dream Symbols and Analysis

To dream that you are milking a cow represents that you expect that someone will prevent you from achieving your goals. You are very determined, however, and you will eventually be able to succeed.... Dream Symbols and Analysis

Strangest Dream Explanations

Dreams of milking a cow or of milking a situation signify that you are taking advantage of the resources available to you. You are getting fed and filled up by the resources of another. This dream may be giving you the message to find your own source.

If you dream of breast feeding, see Breast Feeding.... Strangest Dream Explanations

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

If a person sees himself milking and drinking cow milk it is a glad tiding that he will become rich, or if he is rich his wealth will increase; or if he is a slave he will become free and marry his mistress.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

The one who does this will acquire lawful wealth from a woman. But if, instead of milk, he takes out blood, pus or anything else from the udder the wealth thus acquired with be unlawful.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Milk; Milking)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Sound of animals)... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

If this seen in the dream then a prosperous year is to be expected.

A year full of barakah and blessings. This is sure to happen.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(Frowning) Scowling in a dream connotes a misfortune.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Little Giant Encyclopedia

A need for communicating something, getting somebody’s ear, convincing somebody. Usually a sign that you are justified in expecting recognition. Fear of appearing in public or public speaking.

Wanting to arrive and be liked (see Applause, Approval).

If a politician is giving the speech, it— almost without fail—has something to do with lying and egotism.... Little Giant Encyclopedia

Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Figurative of a time of blessings and thanksgiving, regardless of the season... Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Strangest Dream Explanations

Thanksgiving represents a state of grace. Your attitude of gratitude is aligning you with grace and the resonance of miracles, magic, and abundance.

A cornucopia of blessings are forthcoming.... Strangest Dream Explanations

My Dream Interpretation

To dream about Thanksgiving represents togetherness, family reunions and your sense of community.

The dream is a reflection on your life and the connections that you have made. Alternatively, this dream may be a metaphor indicating that you need to thank somebody. Consider also your own personal associations and memories related to Thanksgiving.... My Dream Interpretation

Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Brought to one’s attention for spiritual cleansing; see “pecan”... Dream Dictionary Unlimited

Islamic Dream Interpretation

It represents an exceptionally beautiful woman.... Islamic Dream Interpretation

Islamic Dream Interpretation

(See Oryx)... Islamic Dream Interpretation